Hair Transplant Surgery – an effective treatment for hair loss
No other facial feature influences a person’s appearance as much as the hairline. Up to 80% of men and 35% of women suffer with hair loss and feel that their quality of life is lessened, especially as in modern society full, thick and healthy hair is the ideal of beauty.
In such cases hair transplant surgery is an effective treatment to make the sufferer’s dream of dense and natural-looking hair come true and to put an end to an ordeal that has been going on for years.
In most cases hair loss is the result of genetic or hormonal influences. It starts with a receding hairline, thinning temples and increasingly visible hair loss around the crown. Over the years the hair loss progresses and may ultimately lead to extensive baldness. Thanks to the possibilities offered by present-day medication and surgery this development can be stopped and natural-looking hair growth can be promoted in the areas affected that will last all life long.
The hair follicles used in hair transplant surgery are being taken from the back of the head where hair is usually thick and strong and transplanted into the thinning areas on the top of the head. Modern medicine takes advantage of the fact that the hair follicles below the crown are insensitive to the hormones responsible for hair loss and remain active throughout the patient’s life. The patient’s own hair is being distributed precisely and evenly in the thinning areas using state-of-the-art microsurgical techniques and aiming to achieve natural and long-lasting results.
In our clinic we offer a wide range of promising drug-based and surgical treatments for hair loss. Hereby, both the cause and the extent of hair loss determine which treatment is appropriate.
Depending on the extent of the hair loss a conservative treatment with medication may be sufficient to achieve the desired results. In many cases it can help preventing early signs of hair loss from progressing any further and even stimulating hair regrowth, especially around the crown. This type of treatment is recommended for minor hair loss in its early stages and can be combined with hair transplant surgery.
Surgery is recommended in cases where hair loss has already reached advanced stages. There are two different techniques, the FUT strip method and the FUE single-hair method.
Both techniques are safe and effective ways to treat alopecia both in men and women and replenish hair that has already been lost.
FUT strip technique
When using the FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) technique a thin strip of skin is being removed from the back of the head under local anaesthesia – meaning the patient is feeling no pain. While the wound is being sutured back together every single hair root, also known as follicular unit, is being separated under the microscope. After anaesthetising the recipient areas tiny slits are beind prepared into which the hair follicles finally are transplanted. The pattern of those slits follows the direction of the hair still existing to ensure natural-looking hair growth.
This technique is suitable for extensive hair transplants with more than 2500 follicular units being transplanted at once. Only the strip from which the hair follicles are being harvested will be shaved. After suturing all what remains is a linear scar which even on the day of the procedure will not be visible as it will be covered by the hair remaining on the back of the head, provided the hair is at least 1.5 cm long. It is therefore suitable for patients who do not want to shave their hair short.
FUE single-hair technique
When using the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique all the back of the scalp (donor area) is being shaved and numbed with local anaesthetics. The hair follicles are then being harvested one by one using a fine hollow needle (diameter 0.7-1.1mm). The transplantation of the follicular units to the recipient area is carried out in the same way like in the FUT technique.
Up to 1500 follicular units can be transplanted using this technique. No cut is made although a larger area must be shaved before surgery depending on how many follicular units need to be transplanted. What remains are small, dot-like scars that can easily be covered once the hair in the back starts growing back. This method is suitable for patients whose hair has already been shaved short or for those who are unsure whether to shave their hair short later on in life.